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China has developed and implemented policies and programmes to encourage highly skilled and/or educated workers to return to China. China’s policies are not recent – the country has had open policies encouraging in-migration since the 1980s, but has only recently seen an increase in the return of highly skilled Chinese back to the country. Conditions are now more conducive in China, as foreign companies are opening businesses there which, in turn, attract highly skilled researchers and scientists. The ‘gap’ between China and other countries has decreased and China offers many opportunities, resulting in many Chinese eager to start their careers in their home country, particularly in science and technology, rather than in the countries abroad where they studied.